Uncovering the impact of the institutional environment on transfer activities
In order to explain the researchers’ and especially female researchers´ engagement in entrepreneurial and transfer activities, institutional and organizational contexts of research organizations have to be taken into account. Investigating such settings, studies focusing on the academic sector analyzed the multi-faceted role of universities in transferring academic knowledge to industry and society. Despite strong efforts to embrace their ‘third mission’, universities still vary significantly in their entrepreneurial performances. One important pillar that influences scientists’ engagement in entrepreneurial activities substantially is the organizational culture at their institutions and department. Our studies reveals leverage points how research institutions can initiate such change and can promote especially women as entrepreneurs and active players in knowledge transfer.